Popular Sports spectator activities


Popular Sports spectator activities

Sports are very popular with people of all ages and social statuses. Any activity that involves contact or competition of the human body is typically termed as sports. The most prominent examples of sports comprised in the US are professional baseball, American football, basketball, ice hockey, softball, and Volleyball. The majority of countries in the world also engage in a form of professional sports. A few examples of these countries include India, Thailand, South Africa, and Japan.

In recent years, there has been a tremendous growth in the business involving sports and sportsmanship. To ensure fair competition in international sports, governing bodies have placed restrictions on various aspects of the game. These include rules regarding the length of the pitch, equipment, playing rules for goal-post protection, proper wearing of uniforms, and even medical treatment and procedures. All of these aspects have led to the development of various sports science programs that have been implemented to help develop the skills and methods used by sportsmen and sportswomen to win competitions and mediate any disputes that may arise during competitions.

The physical activity involved in sports requires a lot of energy and stamina from the individual. This energy and stamina are crucial to the athlete’s performance during major competitions. Therefore, much attention is paid to training and nutrition for athletes in sports. In the US, professional and amateur athletes have to undergo rigorous training programs that focus on the development of their speed, agility, strength, and stamina to ensure fair play during major competitions such as the Olympic Games.

There are many professional sports leagues in the US that govern competitive sports activities. Professional American football clubs are some of the most popular sports clubs in America. The National Football League (NFL) and the National Basketball League (NBA) are two of the largest and most prestigious professional sports leagues in the world. The National Lacrosse Association (NLN) and the United States Hockey League (USHL) are also well-known and popular professional leagues in the country. In the past decade, the USHL has developed several teams that compete in the major competitive leagues of the country.

Major League Baseball and the National Football League (NFL) were responsible for the creation of the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1994. This law regulates the definition of minor league sports as well as regulating the licensing, promotion and operation of professional and non-professional sports leagues in the country. Major League Baseball and the NFL operate the National League of Professional Baseball, the North American Professional Baseball League, the American Professional Football Association and the Central Association of Professional Football Associations. The World Professional Sports Organization or the FIFA is the governing body of international soccer and provides developmental and training facilities for athletes who participate in international sports events.

Most professional sports associations and sports leagues offer training programs for aspiring athletes. In most countries around the world, aspiring athletes can gain valuable experience by participating in organized sports competitions such as athletic competitions or summer camps. They are also able to improve their physical fitness, learn about the importance of sport and learn various techniques and strategies that are important in competing in competitive sports. The growing popularity of spectator sport activities, especially in the US, ensures fair competition between teams and athletes.




Beauty is often defined as the emotional feeling that a person gets when viewing or smelling an object. Beauty is often associated with emotions such as happiness, dislike, disgust, or admiration. These are subjective feelings and are usually not necessarily universal. It is thought that beauty varies depending on the type of culture in which an object is viewed or its importance to a person. In addition, beauty can also depend on the status of an individual.

Beauty is often perceived by the public through social media, advertisements and peer pressure. Beauty is most commonly defined as a physical trait of objects which makes these objects aesthetically pleasing to see. However, beauty can also be defined through scientific practices. This includes the measurement and study of physical attributes such as weight, height, skin color, hair length and age. These measurements are considered to define beautiful people, as the majority of the population will conform to the desired physical characteristics that are typically associated with beauty.

Beauty can be broken down into many factors, which can affect the perception of beauty in many individuals. Physical attractiveness, facial features, hair length and color, height and personality are all considered to be aspects of beauty. In addition, there are different levels of beauty, from being extremely beautiful to being extremely ugly. Beauty is highly subjective and can vary greatly from person to person.

Sagmeister describes four types of beauty: physical beauty, psychological beauty, aesthetic beauty and social media beauty. He further describes these types as follows: physical attractiveness/physical prowess, psychological beauty, psychological prowess and social media prowess. The physical aspect of beauty can be broken down into four categories: average, above average, ugly. The psychological aspect of beauty can be broken down into the categories of: confident/oversensitive, insecure/unattractive and sensitive/unfriendly.

Psoriasis and its symptoms, when combined with the appearance of psoriasis lesions, can make someone appear as extremely beautiful. The combination of psoriasis lesions and a deformed face, coupled with a photogenic appearance (excess skin disease and scarring) can make someone appear as beautiful. However, the combination of psoriasis and asiatica, which is a skin disease brought on by infection with a bacteria called tinea capitis, can also cause the appearance of beautiful people. Psoriasis and the asiatica crisis may have been caused by a genetic predisposition or the accumulation of non-curable diseases such as diabetes.

All beauty is subjective. We all have different definitions of beauty and how we define beauty varies for each individual. For some, beauty is having a healthy body; for others, beauty is having a nice wardrobe and nice clothes. What may be beautiful for one person, may not be beautiful for another, because everyone’s definition of beauty is different.

Khmer Students Association

The Khmer Students Association was a leftist Cambodian students association that was to have a profound effect on the future of the country. It was established by Khieu Samphan and contained many of the later Khmer Rouge leaders as well as other prominent leftists.

The Paris Student Group

What would later become the leadership of the Khmer Rouge and Democratic Kampuchea was inextricably linked to a group of Cambodians who met and formed their political ideals in Paris.

The main players were, Hou Yuon, Ieng Sery,  Hu Nim, and Solath Sar. Solath Sar was to marry Khieu Ponnary, the sister in law of Ieng Sery, whilst Ieng Sery was to marry Ieng Thirith. These were the members of the Paris Students group that would become known as the Cercle Marxiste (Marxist circle). They were all also active members of the . At the time the most powerful communist party in Europe, outside of the Eastern Bloc.

The Khmer Students Association

The first organization formed by the group was the leftist Khmer Students Association. It was formed by future head of state Khieu Samphan; Hou Yuon was elected leader of the KSA. The KSA was later banned by French authorities to be replaced by the Khmer Students Union. At this point Solath Sar did not hold any positions of power.

Cercle Marxiste (Marxist circle)

The Marxist circle was formed by Ieng Sery and two others, which would later evolve to include most of the major players of the Khmer Rouge. One notable exception though was Brother Number 2 Nuon Chea, one of the few not to be educated in France.

It is not known who was considered the “leader” of the group, although Khieu Samphan was probably the most prominent member.

The Marxist Circle was the most important movement formed at this time. It was designed to work as a clandestine cell organization. Each cell consisted of 3-6 members, with high degrees of secrecy.

Solath Sar at this point was a member of a cell that produced the groups newspaper, Reaksmei (“The Spark”), named after a former Russian paper. In 1952, Pol Pot, Hou Yuon, and Ieng Sary among others sent an open letter to Sihanouk calling for him the “strangler of infant democracy”. This was to make them marked men when they returned to Cambodia.

Return to Cambodia

All of the group were to return to Cambodia, most of them gaining respectable jobs. Pol Pot became a teacher for example. He was remembered as being mild mannered although with a short temper. Ieng Sary and Hou Yuon also became teachers.

They were to become members of the Kampuchea Peoples Revolutionary Party, from whom the  now claim lineage.

Workers Party of Kampuchea

In 1960 the Kampuchea Peoples Revolutionary Party (KPRP) held a meeting that was to lead to the party changing its name and indeed direction. The party became the Workers Party of Kampuchea (WPK), which in essence was a coup by the Paris Students Group/Cercle Marxiste. It was initially led by Tou Samouth, before his execution. Whether he was killed by Sihanouk, or his fellow Khmer Rouge is up for debate. Nuon Chea was initially supposed to take over the WPK. He has since that he made a deal with Solath Sar where they would share power. Nuon Chea has claimed he did this to appeal more to intellectuals.

Standing Committee of the CPK

Following Chinese advice the WPK became the . It’s initial standing committee remained almost unchanged until the last Khmer Rouge in the 1990’s.

The importance of the Khmer Students Association

Of the 8 members of the Standing Committee of the CPK during Democratic Kampuchea, 6 of the 8 had been members of the Cercle Marxiste. With the Cercle Marxiste.being a direct offshoot of the Khmer Students Association. Thus almost everything that occurred up until their final demise in 1998 can be traced back to the Khmer Students Association.

The KSA can therefore be seen the first incarnation of the Khmer Rouge. Sadly and much like other elements of Khmer Rouge history there is scant information available about the KSA. Certainly when compared with the atrocities of the is quite amazing how little scholarly work has been done on the Khmer Rouge and the Cambodian genocide

Why is there so little information about the Khmer Rouge?

First world problems? It is quite hard to say why people don’t care that much, or know that much about the Khmer Rouge compared to other parts of 20th century history, but it is probably multifaceted.

Western Indifference

When I say western indifference I am not in any way shape of form alluding to “white privilege”. The western world consists of much more than just white people. In some respects we simply don’t care that much that a bunch of Asians decided to kill each other.

The Vietnam War

Unlike the Vietnam War, where western culpability was obvious, Cambodia and to an extent Laos have been considered “Secret Wars”. A great crime considering just how much both countries were bombed. Also US troops being on the ground in Vietnam have made it somewhat “cool”. Everyone has seen Full Metal Jacket, but how many have seen the award winning ? There has since been a tiny resurgence in interest, ;largely via Angelina Jolie, but nothing of any real substance.

The west continued to support the Khmer Rouge

In some respects it can also be looked at as a bit of a hush job. After all we continued supporting, financing and arming the Khmer Rouge until the early 90’s. Much has been written on “if” the USA the Khmer Rouge. There is no “if”, they and other western countries did, both overtly and covertly.

And that is the reason why the war crimes tribunals didn’t happen until almost everyone was dead, or almost dead. Dead people can’t speak. If they could speak the crimes of the western world in Cambodia would be as well known as the . Sadly they aren’t and in reality never will be.

What If We’d Treated The Nazis Like The Khmer Rouge?

What if we’d treated the Nazis like the Khmer Rouge? The parallels between what happened in Germany and Cambodia are stark. So, why did we treat them so differently? Here is our take on alternate history.

The end of World War 2…..

As World War 2 draws to a close the nazi regime is removed from power by the Soviet Union alone. Germany thus becomes the German Democratic Republic, encompassing the whole of Germany, rather than just East Germany. A rump German resistance led by Adolph Hitler flee to a mountainous area on the border of Austria.

The Coalition Government of Nazi Germany

An opposition government os declared, which is joined by a small group of “liberal opposition”, as well as being supported by Kaiser Wilhelm II, the next in line to the German throne.

Cold War Politics and the Holocaust

The holocaust is acknowledged, but senior figures in the Nazi regime blame it on their underlings, not following orders. Western governments fearing Soviet hegemony in the region support this “rebel” army, an army which is dominated by Nazi fighters. Not only this, but we allow the Nazis to retain the “rightful” seat at the United Nations for a further 12 years. Until 1957 Joseph Goebbels is the UN representative for Germany at the UN.

Winston Churchill makes a that whilst the holocaust was a terrible thing and that Hitler “probably shouldn’t” have a say in a future German government, more moderate Nazis would need to be involved in the rebuilding of the country. The west does not recognize the GDR during this period.

Jews and enemies of the state are still persecuted in areas still controlled by the Nazis.

Peace is finally achieved

In 1959 after numerous peace talks are held the Soviets agree to withdraw from Germany, the country is renamed the Kingdom of Germany with Kaizer Wilhelms son taking throne.

Adolph HItler and the Nazi regime decide to stay in their mountainside stronghold and continue the Civil War. Germany becomes the most land mined country on earth. In 1962 Hitler orders the killing of Goebbels and Goring. The former he succeeds in the later he fails with.

The west do not pursue any of the perpetrators of the Holocaust. Adolph Hitler is put under house arrest in 1962 and dies of old page in 1964. By 1966 the Nazi rebels have all either been captured, or have defected to the government, most of them have been given Royal Pardons.

The Nuremberg Trials

By the early 1970’s it is decided that the remaining leaders should be tried for their crimes, but the legal process takes so long that by the end of the 1970’s and early 1980’s when they begin to stand trial, many have either already died, or have gone senile.

The Nazi rebels rebrand themselves as the German People’s Party and run the country under .

This actually happened in Cambodia

So whilst this looks and seems ridiculous, if we swap each “character” for Khmer Rouge leaders, and the years for when this all occurred, then it is basically exactly the same.

So, when the question comes up of if the west supported the Khmer Rouge, then one merely has to swap Nazi Germany for the Khmer Rouge. This is not a scholarly debate, western crimes with regards to the Khmer Rouge are a proven thing, with all if it being done in the name of rolling back communism.

What if we’d treated the Nazis like the Khmer Rouge? The world would look very different today.

Gaming May Be Making Us Silly

Gaming is the general term used to describe any computer activity involving interaction with an electronically programmed computer system (or computer program) that allows users to interact with a visual output on the screen. There are literally thousands of different types of computer games available today, and each one requires different skills to play. There are also many different ways to play a particular game, including competitive gaming, role playing, and casual gaming. Many computer games allow a player to progress through a series of increasingly difficult levels and eventually to complete the game. Some games are popular among particular age groups and genres of entertainment, while others are more universal in their appeal. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most popular computer games.


Online multiplayer console gaming is popular among both young and old alike. With the popularity of consoles such as the Xbox, Sony PlayStation, and Nintendo Wii, as well as PC based games consoles like the Play Station 3 and Nintendo Wii, there is a large and enthusiastic online community dedicated to these consoles and games. Because of this intense competition, it is possible for someone to become quite skilled at communicating and networking within this multiplayer community. The messages that players use in their in-game chat programs are often customized to include personal information and other factors which make them much more difficult to block by an individual using personal computer security software, such as anti-spyware and antivirus programs.

Computer gaming is not only popular among adults, but children as well. Young children can be seen playing games like the popular Dora the Explorer online as well as older children playing Mario Brothers or Donkey Kong on their Nintendo DS systems. For adults, computer gaming has always been a favorite form of relaxation after a hard day’s work, and the social media has only made this more enjoyable and accessible for people of all ages. Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter are just a few of the social media websites that are full of games for gamers to play. The options for in-game communication and interacting with other gamers from around the world are endless.

While gaming may be considered a relatively harmless pastime, the effects of playing video games may be far more harmful than many realize. The effects of video games may range from addictive behavior to violence, as well as negative socialization aspects. Negative effects of gaming are currently being investigated by school researchers studying how students react to playing video games that require high levels of concentration and focus such as strategy games and first person shooters. These studies may lead to improved academic performance and a boost in test scores among children.

Parents are also becoming increasingly aware of the effects of gaming, especially those with young children. Some parents will not allow their children to play games that have time limits or other requirements that may cause them to be unable to complete the game. In other cases, they will allow their children to play the games but will monitor their activities to ensure that they are not spending excessive time in a particular game. Video games may also cause a change in the way that children interact with their peers. New research is investigating whether young people who play video games are having a similar effect as adolescents who spend a lot of time playing sports related computer games, where players frequently fight with each other for control of a game environment.

The new study is examining whether the changes noted in this research are due to personal information being posted on the Internet by gamers. Personal information includes personal contact information, location, game play details, chat room names, and more. When this information is released, it can lead to embarrassment or even shame among gamers and can lead to the silencing of critics. The use of personal information has caused an increase in anti-gaming sentiment against gamers.

The Importance of Sports Names


The Importance of Sports Names

Sports are the most popular leisure activities of the people from different walks of life. Today, in schools and colleges, sports are a compulsory subject. Since childhood, most children are encouraged to play sports. It does not matter whether they are about six years old, as young as one, or just a child from five to seven years old. In either case, sports is a great way to have fun, improve social interaction and communication skills, improve physical fitness and strength, exercise self-discipline, get outdoors and meet new friends, learn to be competitive and have fun at the same time.

There are many types of sports. Basically, sports refer to any physical activity that aims to utilize, develop or enhance physical ability, skills and/or performance. The wide range of physical activity includes track and field, softball, rugby, soccer, hockey, motorcycling, skiing, aerobics, sailing and surfing. Almost all these sports can be participated in groups or by an individual too. Sports help in the development of the individual’s personality and also help to build a child’s self-esteem. It is also believed that sports help in delaying the onset of physical diseases such as osteoporosis, heart disease and cancer.

Playing sports is a definite way of staying physically active. Not only is it fun and exciting but it is also helps in building and maintaining a healthy weight, maintains proper body posture, improves flexibility, develops muscles and joints and provides a healthy recreational activity during summer. Sports also help in achieving and maintaining overall fitness. Some of the activities included in sports activities include running, skipping, jumping, tackling, throwing, rebounding, wrestling, rugby, basketball, hockey, weightlifting, tennis, swimming and martial arts.

Most sports, however, require skill, strength and endurance to participate. In fact, even playing volleyball can be considered an exercise because it requires the player to hold their breath for a while and use all their muscles to propel the ball towards their opponents goal. However, before you enroll yourself in any sports activity you need to ensure that it is safe for you. Make sure you check with your parents or coach about the sport you are about to take up. Most sports have specific protective gear that you need to wear.

If you are serious about participating in any sports activity, then it is important for you to consider various sports names. Most sports require a certain code of ethics and it would be a great idea to choose a sports name that reflects your values and is related to the sport. For volleyball, you can choose the name of your school or university, favorite sports team or even your country if you have one. There are also sports stores that offer custom sports gear so if you are not able to find the right sports name for you, then you can request your store to supply you with a volleyball jersey.

Sports participation should be taken lightly as they require a lot of passion and dedication in order to succeed. If you are serious about the sport and you want to become a successful athlete, you must be willing to dedicate yourself to the sport and learn all the strategies involved. It is also important to remember that there are sports that are considered to be mind sports and hence you should take care to consider this factor while choosing a sport name. You can search on internet to find various sports governing bodies which will help you understand the spirit behind each sport.

Beauty – A Cultural Lens

Beauty is widely defined as a subjective aspect of tangible objects, which makes these objects pleasant to see. Such objects may include sunsets, landscapes, artworks and humans. Beauty, along with personal taste and art, is probably the most important topic of aesthetics, among the major branches of psychology. It is used to describe the subjective aspect of aesthetic objectivity. Many aesthetics scholars argue that beauty depends on the culture in which it is perceived, with the individual adding value to beauty according to his or her culture and expectations.

The term “beauty” first appears in the literature in the late nineteenth century. The most famous example of such a use is from James Dyson’s “Books of a Man in a Lazy Day.” Dyson describes how he feels every time he looks at a garden or takes a walk through the city. He describes beauty as an abstract quality, saying that he finds it hard to believe that some people find beauty in concrete objects such as buildings, trees or rocks. Dyson goes on to say that he thinks many who believe in the idealist conception of beauty are not fully satisfied with their own beauty, and that they therefore need to find a deeper understanding of beauty.

The twenty-first century still regards beauty as an abstract quality, although some cultural theories suggest that there are some cultural aspects of beauty which can be objectively measured. Cultural theory suggests that beauty exists on a spectrum, with some forms of beauty varying across cultures. For instance, beautiful women in some cultures may be regarded as beautiful, while unattractive men may be considered ugly. However, beauty has also been shown to differ between geographical regions. For example, while Asian women tend to be more beauty conscious than Western women, Eastern European women are often thought to lack beauty, even though surveys show that they have high levels of beauty consciousness.

It is interesting to note that beauty products and beauty related items such as perfumes, makeup and beauty creams are widely available throughout most of the world, whereas beauty products related to clothing are generally seen only in Western countries, especially in Europe and North America. Some companies such as L’Oreal have also begun to offer a wide selection of beauty products from other parts of the world, including China and South America. Beauty products have become a very popular business today, and the market for them is expanding rapidly. However, it is difficult to cite one single explanation for beauty, as beauty varies widely according to culture, age and personal preference.

In addition to beauty products, the concept of beauty has become closely associated with social and cosmetic norms. Beauty consultants are seen in most large cities, and their services cater to both men and women, offering services such as reducing men’s hair and beards, helping men shave properly and maintaining a good figure. Many fashion gurus believe that beauty must be integrated into daily dressing, and it is also suggested that men and women should avoid rushing through make-up applications and should spend time learning how to select their cosmetics (how to apply them, for example) and beauty products (how to use them effectively). Men are seen as being more beauty conscious than women, and this is partly because men are seen as being successful and in control of their own image.

The belief that beauty is related to outward appearances is beginning to fade away, but there are some areas that are still deeply linked to the idea of beauty. Men and women alike often look at magazine covers and clothing articles to evaluate their appearance and determine their “coolness.” This idea of beauty has become deeply rooted in our culture and has become closely associated with personality traits that are considered to be socially acceptable and fashionable. Beauty consultants offer their clients many different options for attaining beauty and looking their best. Whether men are beauty conscious or not, they are all able to benefit from consulting a beauty advisor.

Online Gaming on Personal Computers

Computer and video games are popular for being a great way to pass the time. The advent of video games has also created a whole new sub-industry devoted to computer and video games, namely “Simulation Games”. A video game or computer video game is a computer or video game that involves interaction either with a user interface or digital input device, including a mouse, keyboard, joystick, or similar device, to generate virtual visual feedback to the user.


Computer and video game programmers are the people who write the code for video games and other interactive media. Most popular computer games involve complex programming requiring extensive knowledge of computer programs and hardware. Often these programmers are also hired by gaming companies to create the interface that allows the player to interact with the game. Other times these programmers are employed by game designers where they produce the characters, the levels, and other aspects of the game. In either case, programmers are crucial to the creating and maintaining of successful video games.

Video gaming also includes applications such as computer generated environments (also known as “worlds”) which are made up of entire maps or virtual reality environments that players enter. These worlds may be customized and modified in any way possible, from weather and terrain to the design of the entire network infrastructure. Such customization extends to the actual game play itself, making it possible for players to construct their own personal gaming environment. Some video games allow the player to escape from the world into a multiplayer mode, in which he or she can engage in battles with other players or against the computer.

With the advent of personal computer systems such as the Apple i-Phone and the Microsoft Xbox, gaming has taken a completely new direction. One of the most exciting features of these systems is the development of live gaming communities. These online communities are typically focused on a particular game title, which allows members to meet one another and make friends. These online communities are incredibly popular with the teenage crowd. Video game consoles such as the X-Box 360, Play Station 2, and the Nintendo Wii all allows for the creation of multiplayer video games. Many of these multiplayer video games are free to download, and many have leaderboards and other statistics that allow one player to become an expert at the game.

Advances in technology have also allowed developers to create video games that are not necessarily designed for use with dedicated gaming consoles. These “unlocked” versions of video games are often compatible with most personal computers, regardless of their manufacturer. These unlocked versions of video games allow the user to use their computer’s operating system to function as if they were playing a game on a console. These online games are becoming increasingly popular with the gaming community.

Of course, even non-gamers have benefited from online gaming. Recently, it was estimated that the monthly revenue of gamers has increased over fifty percent since 2021. As technology advances more people are able to enjoy playing games on their personal computers. Not only is it now possible to play games of all genres online, but it is now also very possible to play games of all levels on a single platform. The future of gaming looks very bright indeed.

A Definition of Sports

The term “sports” refers to a number of athletic activities that involve contact with a ball, a stick, etc., that are generally conducted for recreation or competitive reasons, with the participation coming from a group of people. Sports can be both organized and unorganized, but most commonly involve physical contact of some kind. In modern times, many sports can be competitive, but some even still take place behind closed doors, with players keeping their bodies and minds entirely separate from each other. This type of competitive sports can be competitive or non-competitive.


The term “sport” itself however, can mean different things to different people, often with an associated meaning of skill, contest, physical contact or participation in a social setting. Most commonly used in North America, where most Americans tend to focus on American football as their national sport, other sports include ice hockey, gymnastics, track and field, sailing and swimming. These sports have varying levels of skill and intensity, but also exhibit varying levels of social change. The intensity of a sports competition usually relates to the degree of skill involved, as well as the degree of social change that it causes. Most American sports can be classified as either competitive or non-competitive, but the nature of the competition and the degree of skill involved can vary by category.

Generally, sports refer to any activity that uses physical exertion of skill, such as running, jumping, throwing or catching. Though these sports don’t necessarily require any skill, most sports require at least some degree of skill: A team’s running game may involve sprinting up a set of stairs, while a high jump rope would not. However, there are many sports that involve skill without necessarily requiring physical exertion: For example, playing a musical instrument or sewing or dancing.

There are a number of different types of sports, including team sports, individual sports, pastime sports, and recreational sports. A team sport is a game in which two or more people attempt to achieve a common goal. Competitive pastime sports are generally considered to be games in which the purpose of the game is for individuals to show off their own athletic ability or to compete against others. A sport of interest may be pursued by all of the participating teams or individuals.

Most sports involve some type of physical activity, though not always necessarily intense physical activity. Most contact sports don’t require striking, kicking, or carrying a ball, although the sport of wrestling has elements of both sports. Most team sports involve a series of activities, but each team is allowed to practice as far as is possible without interfering with the others. In a pastime sport, on the other hand, players engage in the activity only for pleasure. Most indoor sports can be played by the entire family and are very affordable, while outdoor sports are generally more expensive and require a significant amount of equipment.

There are many sports that are being played today. Many people agree that today’s athletes require an extremely high level of physical conditioning to stay in peak condition during training and competition. Sports professionals who want to keep their athlete in peak physical condition have spent years developing programs and equipment that enable them to deliver peak performance every time. Sports equipment includes everything from weights to racquets to rowing machines and treadmills. Sports programs such as Total Gym, Ball Fitness, StrongLifts and FitXtreme have helped athletes including youth, women, and seniors build muscle, lose weight, and improve their fitness level and health.

Beauty in Art – An Acquired Taste


Beauty in Art – An Acquired Taste

Beauty is often defined as a subjective aspect of objects which makes these objects enjoyable to see. These objects may include natural landscapes, sunsets, beautiful humans and artistic works of art. Beauty, along with aesthetic sense and art, is the basis of aesthetics, among the major branches of science. Philosophers define beauty according to how it affects us. Some of them believe that beauty is subjective and independent while some others think that beauty depends on how it is perceived by the person viewing it.

Aesthetic appreciation of beauty has been in existence since time immemorial, as history has proven that cultures all over the world have used different means to depict or assess beauty. The word beauty, according to some historians, first appears in the thirteenth century in a manuscript written by Leonardo da Vinci. In this book, da Vinci indicated fourteen different aspects of physical beauty, which are collectively referred to as ‘the beauties of the face’. These beauties were divided into two categories: beauty for a specific function and beauty for a specific form.

According to the meaning of this text, beauty could be judged according to the visual enjoyment it causes. It can be intellectual or sensual. According to others, beauty can be judged by its conformity to the nature – i.e., it becomes a ‘natural’ when it is harmonious with nature. For example, beauty is beauty – i.e., it satisfies our basic needs and necessities of survival; beauty is harmony in form and colour or form and its variety; beauty is a form expressed in proportion and proportionate proportions. Thus, beauty can be seen or perceived in a multitude of forms and it is the ‘comprehensive’ quality of all these forms that make them beautiful.

Beauty in art – such as paintings, sculptures and other works of visual art – does not depend on the physical beauty of things, but on the aesthetic sense of things. The aesthetic sense is the faculty through which we judge beauty. We can say that aesthetic sense determines the beauty of a work or a visual presentation because it is something we always see in nature – like the beauty of a flower or tree, or a painting. We see the beauty in nature, when we look at it, feel it or experience it. Our aesthetic sense perceives the beauty of things as an independent and primary matter.

So beauty – that is, the beauty of things that we see, feel or experience – is not merely a matter of physicalism. It is not necessary that beauty should conform to the physical and biological character of things. We have many ways in which we can aesthetically pleasing things. But no one thing, or only one thing, can be considered beauty, for there are many things that beauty includes and individualizes as beauty.

What is beauty, then, in art? According to the definition given above, beauty is the independent and primary sense that we have of beauty. The definition of beauty in visual art consists essentially of the proportion of the figure to the whole body of the art object. In other words, the beauty of a flower or a painting does not consist in the size and number of the flowers or in the prettiness of the painting, but in the proportion of the parts to the whole object. Thus the subject matter of art can be seen as an artistic creation in itself, with all its own peculiarities.