Philosophy of Art and Its Three Approaches

Beauty is one word that can describe the ultimate beauty in nature. When we speak about beauty, it is almost always associated with the physical aspect of things. However, beauty can also be described in the mental or spiritual aspect of things. There are many theories about beauty, and almost every culture has its own definition of beauty. For example, many people believe that beauty is defined by the power of emotions, while other people believe that beauty is a matter of human interaction.


The word ‘beauty’ can be used in many different ways. Most commonly, it is used to refer to the visual aspect of things, such as the beauty of sunsets. Such a view would not be considered ‘aesthetic’ in the strictest sense of the word, because it has nothing to do with the philosophical study of aesthetics. Nonetheless, such a view would have profound psychological effects on people, because we all have a certain degree of ability to appreciate beauty.

Philosophy has a very large role in the definition of beauty, but modern aesthetics has had a huge influence on our ideas about beauty. Modern aesthetics is related to the aesthetic experience, which can be described using the most basic of definitions. Beauty is generally defined as a subjective feature of things which makes those objects aesthetically pleasant to see. Such objects may include sunsets, landscapes, beautiful humans and artistic works.

The history of aesthetic theories is quite lengthy, and can be traced all the way back to the ancient Greece and Rome. In those days, beauty was seen to have a social significance, and the definition of beauty changed with the changing social conditions. In ancient Greece, for instance, the idea of beauty included beauty in the arts, music and the architecture. Later, the thinker Immanuel Kant provided a detailed philosophical study of aesthetics and its significance to mankind.

There are many theories about beauty, and philosophers have provided different answers to the question ‘what is beauty?’ Some of them say that beauty consists of physical attractiveness, while others say that it is something that appears in reality and can be appreciated objectively. However, there are some philosophers who believe that beauty is something that can be discovered through the eyes of the mind, through one’s intuition or through special art techniques. Some may worry about the fact that the definition of beauty may vary from one theory to another, and that it might even be an impossible question, because beauty might exist in reality, but cannot be perceived by the human eye.

Philosophy of art offers three approaches to the problem of beauty. The first of these three approaches is known as the aesthetics of contrast. This approach attempts to evaluate the relation between contrast and harmony in order to explain why different aesthetic concepts may appear at the same time. The second approach is known as the aesthetic synthesis. This approach takes aesthetics as a whole, and attempts to combine the different ideas about beauty into a single, overarching theme. Finally, there is what philosophers call the structuralism which believes that beauty is a structural feature of the human being, and that the structure of the mind determines the aesthetic experience.